The first inhabitants of the marshlands
Surrounded by silt and the ocean, a prisoner in its basin, the marshland is flooded in winter. Nevertheless, the dream of fertile, farmable land, thanks to this presence of water which, once dominated, could become an important economic resource, soothed the monks in Orouet from the 19th century onwards. Once convinced, the first of them set themselves the incredible challenge of mastering the marshland watershed. With their bare hands they progressively shaped the contours to recover some patches of land from the ocean. Each farmable plot was a conquest over the water.
The new fashion for bathing in the sea
Once the waters had been mastered and the land domesticated, it was the gold of the dunes which began to shine in the 19th century. With the Imperial decree of 1810, allowing
the dunes to be settled by planting a forest of marine pines, this gave the green light to the stabilisation of this mobile frontier on the edge of the ocean. The fashion for bathing in the sea, born in England, brought to life new desires for conquering the dunes from the end of the 19th century. Holiday-makers wanting to enjoy the sea-view invested in land next to the beach so they could build villas. Sand roadways, later
replaced by roads suitable for motor vehicles with the arrival of the automobile to the masses, were laid down from the town to the beach. In the 1950s, building would continue along the seaboard. Businessmen became the pioneers of the 20th century and over the course of several decades starting in the 1950s developed the seaboard dunes: Blocks of flats and a promenade were built and domesticated by the heirs of 1936 happy to enjoy their holidays by the sea.